Kangaroo Island was destined to be sheep country, in spite of a rocky start. The first European settlers bought Merinos with them in 1836, and found their flocks suffered from the mysterious “Coast Disease”. It would be almost 100 years before the cause – a cobalt deficiency – was found and remedied. But a few of the hardy first settlers battled on with their sheep, even when most of the first arrivals and the South Australian Company abandoned Kangaroo Island to establish the capital on the mainland.
The first recorded shipment of wool from the Island was in 1847 by Mr Charles Oliver, who was a passenger on the cutter Resource, accompanying his precious cargo of 10.5 bales of wool to Port Adelaide.
Despite the hardships, isolation and cost of transporting sheep and wool, sheep numbers grew steadily on the Island through the 1800s. The Kangaroo Island Courier newspaper reported in 1904 that there were 31,250 sheep on the island, following the drought years of the 1890s.
War played a big part in the industry through the 1900s. In the First and Second World Wars, the Island’s entire clip was purchased by the Commonwealth for the war effort, and the United States’ need for warm uniforms during the Korean War resulted in record prices for wool around the world.
The War Service Land Settlement Scheme opened up the interior of the Island in the 1940s and 50s, enabling an exponential increase in sheep numbers. By 1959, the Island’s 427,200 sheep produced 4.5 million pounds (more than 2 million kg) of wool. A decade later, the flock had grown to 836,150, producing 9.7 million pounds (4.4 million kg) of wool.
Industrial disputes rocked the industry throughout the 1970s and 80s, but the industry boomed until the national reserve price scheme collapsed. At the peak, Kangaroo Island was home to 1.24 million sheep and produced 6.95 million kilograms of wool, but when the price collapsed, many woolgrowers left the industry.
Others diversified into other agricultural products and tourism, helping to create the unique industries and attractions that thrive on the Island today.
In the middle of the turbulent 1990s, veterinarians Greg Johnsson and Deb Lehmann launched the Kangaroo Island Sheep Production Group, aiming to “lift productivity, profitability and sustainability” for island farmers, using scientific methods and research.
In 2011, the two vets teamed up with 18 farmers to form the Kangaroo Island Wool Company to market the best of Kangaroo Island wool to discerning international buyers.
As the tourism industry flourished and Kangaroo Island’s global reputation grew, Kangaroo Island Wool saw an increased level of interest in their farming endeavours from visitors. Recognising there was a demand for Island-grown woollen garments, Kangaroo Island Wool devised a range of fashion made from their own fine merino wool.
Now you can take a piece of Kangaroo Island with you wherever you go.
Although Kangaroo Island presents woolgrowers with abundant natural advantages, we work hard to ensure we maintain best practice management, from the boardroom table to each and every farming property.
We have developed and maintain our own Codes of Practice for:
- sheep health and welfare
- management excellence
- social good
- premium fibre
- environmental care.
Our commitment to regular monitoring and reporting enables us to continually improve what we do, and the premium product that results, year after year.
As professional woolgrowers our simple philosophy is that looking after our sheep will ensure they look after us. And because we really love what we do, you can be sure that our sheep will be as happy growing their wool here on Kangaroo Island as you will be wearing it.